Kurdistan and the Caliphate
|July 15, 2014||Filled under Kurdistan News|
Kurdistan News -
Starting with the fall of Mosul, I stated that the current war in Iraq should not be interpreted as an action by the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant, but as a combined jihadists and local Kurdish government offensive to implement the US map for remodeling the country. I was quite alone and this view went against the current. Three weeks later, it has become evident.
The Creation Of Kurdistan
On June 20, Israel bought the Kurdish local government he had stolen oil in Kirkuk despite the international opinion of the Iraqi government. The transit of oil had been facilitated by the ÉIIL which controls the pipeline and Turkey which allowed the goods to be loaded onto a tanker at the port of Ceyhan.
On 25 June, the Kurdish political parties in Iraq put aside their differences and formed a local union government. Until then, they were divided between two large coalitions, one pro-Turkish and pro-Israel led by the Kurdistan Democratic Party (KDP) of Barzani and the other pro-Iranian and pro-Syrian, led by Patriotic Union of Kurdistan (PUK) of Talabani. The union between these two factions would not have been possible without a prior agreement between Tel Aviv, Washington and Tehran.
Mendi Safadi, a Druze politician who liaises between Israel and the Contras in Syria, sent to Reuven Rivlin, a letter of the Kurdish Left Party in Syria to congratulate him on his election by the Knesset and call to support the creation an independent Kurdistan, straddling Syria and Iraq.
26 and 27 June, the British Foreign Minister, William Hague, visited Baghdad and Erbil. As agreed, he called Prime Minister Nouri al-Maliki to form an inclusive government, knowing it would not do. This exercise style smiled the London press for which the board came “later”. Then he discussed with Massoud Barzani of the future independence of Kurdistan. As usual, the passage of the British is a decisive moment.
On 29 June, Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu, broke the taboo: he announced that Israel supported the creation of an independent Kurdish state in a speech at the Institute of the University of Tel Aviv for Studies national security. Cautiously, he refrained from specifying the boundaries that will always evolve over time.
On July 3, the chairman of the local government of Kurdistan, Massoud Barzani, called his parliament to hold a referendum on self-determination. Not surprisingly, the White House responded publicly reiterating his support for “a democratic Iraq, pluralistic and united” while Vice President Joe Biden received private chef de cabinet to Mr Barzani, Fouad Hussein, to put the referendum developed.
It does not appear that the PDK (majority in Iraq but a minority in Syria) is capable of holding the referendum simultaneously in both countries. Washington will be satisfied with a separate modern Iraq and Kurdistan postponing scores of Syria and Turkey. In the current period, it multiplies the soothing messages to Damascus (with which he speaks again) and Ankara who believe in nothing.
The question everyone asks is what the foreign policy of the new State. So far, Barzani had succeeded in creating an island of prosperity, but were aligned with Israel. If this option were to persist, it would change completely strategic relationships in the region.
The Spectrum Of The Caliphate
Meanwhile, the ÉIIL (renamed IA) proclaimed the Caliphate. In a long lyrical text, peppered with quotations from the Koran, he announced being able to impose Sharia in the vast territory under its control in Syria and Iraq, it is concluded that the time of the Caliphate came. It announced that its chief elected Caliph, Abu Bakr al-Baghdadi, and every believer, wherever he is, has the duty to submit to [ 5 ]. No photograph of the new head of state has been released, nobody knowing if al-Bagdhadi really exists or if the name of “caliph Ibrahim” is just a scarecrow.
If the seizure of northern Iraq had been welcomed by some of the Muslim world, we doubt that this claim to govern as a whole has been variously appreciated.
Al-Qaeda in the Islamic Maghreb (AQIM) has supported “the heroes of the Islamic Emirate.” While Al-Qaeda in the Arabian Peninsula (AQAP) has sent his best wishes for success and victories. Other affiliated with Al-Qaeda groups such as Boko Haram in Nigeria and the Shabaab in Somalia should allegiance shortly. Thus to attend an Al Qaeda mutation that happen status as an international terrorist network that State not recognized.
Anyway, the EIS continues to progress with caution. He knows how to fight within certain limits and is careful not to offend the interests of Washington and its allies, including the circumstances. Thus, in Samarra, he carefully avoided attacking the mausoleums of Shiite Imams so as not to provoke Iran.
Already, many voices in Washington to confirm the remodeling of Iraq. And Michael Hayden, former director of the NSA and CIA, makes Fox News the following verdict: “With the conquest by the insurgents of the majority Sunni country, Iraq has virtually ceased to exist. The partition is inevitable.” His statements are accompanied by calls for intervention. The former adviser to George Bush, then ambassador to Iraq Barack Obama, James Jeffrey said: “[Jihadist] never stopped, even when I was there in 2010 and 2011 they were totally. defeated and they lost their population. We were on their heels and they were not identified. There is no way to reason with them, no way to hold, you have to kill.”
The Atlanticist press interprets these positions as a debate between supporters of the division of Iraq and support its unity by force. In fact, the Washington program could not be clearer: first let the jihadists partition Iraq (and possibly Saudi Arabia), then crush them once their job done.
In this perspective, President Obama consults and dragged up. In violation of agreements Iraqi-US Defense, he has dispatched 800 men, only 300 to mentor Iraqi forces, the others being assigned to protect the embassy.
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