More Than Six Million Iraqis Are Living With Psychological Disorders and Diseases
|October 17, 2013||Filled under Iraq Daily News|
Each year, the mental health days, since the initiative of the World Federation for Mental Health, an international organization of mental health care, and participation of 150 members from various countries, to celebrate the International Day of Mental Health in 1992. And the celebration of this day is to look at the statistics and concepts of mental health in the world through the reports issued by the relevant international organizations where reveal the latest statistics issued by the World Federation for Mental Health that mental disorders affect one person out of every ten people in the world, which cause great suffering for those who do not receive health care.
And remember international statistics that more than 450 million people worldwide suffer from mental disorders, and there are many who suffer from psychological problems, and that the Constitution of the World Health Organization considers health in general (is a state of complete physical, mental and social) and therefore the mental health an essential part of public health.
Know mental health as (a state of wellness can be an individual to devote his own abilities and adapt to the types of stress regular and work with dedication and effectiveness and contribute to society.), Representing mental health, according to this definition, the foundation needed to ensure the well-being of the individual and community empowerment to perform its functions effectively.
As indicated in the literature and references Organization Mental Health and the World Federation for Mental Health that there are social factors and psychological, and biological multi determine the level of health of the individual psychological At some point, there is also a relationship also between the low level of mental health and factors such as rapid social change, and working conditions stressful, and discrimination based on gender, social exclusion, and unhealthy lifestyles, and the risk of violence and physical ill-health, and human rights violations.
It should be noted that the previous year, 2012 was the celebrations of the International Day of Mental Health on 10 October 2012 under the slogan (depression global crisis) celebrations organized by the United Nations representative of the World Health Organization (WHO) and the World Federation for Mental Health.
The psychological reality of Iraqis:
World Health Organization confirmed that six million Iraqis are living with mental illness by the war, and the suffering of Iraqis diseases, psychological, mostly as a result of wars and years of sectarian fighting and scenes of violence, and the involvement of patients in the events generated their cases, rejects many of them recognize their existence, and are reluctant to be addressed because of the culture of shame, but that Most illnesses mental resulting from the effects of wars, and indicated the results of census scientific conducted a psychiatric in Iraq in 2006 in collaboration with the World Health Organization, that the rate of mental illness in the country amounted to 18.6 percent If احتسبنا number of hearts of Iraqis (32 million), the proportion of people with mental illness (six million) if we took with them (Pfsam mind) are according to international proportions 0.85 percent would be alarming number ‘three hundred thousand sick mind Pfsam. This as well as at least 40% of the reviewers for hospitals, health centers and private clinics are mainly suffering from mental illness do not wish Balbouh or appears in the form of multiple physical symptoms.
Does not possess Iraq, which witnessed the siege of international as well as three devastating wars in recent decades have resulted diseases social and psychological variety, but still great need for services for psychological, as there are three psychiatric hospitals’ Rashad and Ibn Rushd in Baghdad and the Sioux in Sulaymaniyah only about the number of units psychological to 36 units across Iraq ‘as the number of psychiatrists in Iraq is less than the required number globally in any country, where left in Iraq, only 80 psychiatrist after 2003 has been recovered number is now up to 200 doctors now’ any one doctor for every 150,000 inhabitants’ They do not have ceased to ease the pain of Iraqis and after Tgraoh from the scourge of war.
It is worth mentioning is the presence of large numbers of people with disorders and mental illness are reviewing مشعوذين and therapists, spiritual witchcraft and other methods leading to the progression of the disease and their exposure to fraud by those requiring a reduction of this phenomenon through the rumor that the concepts and the need for mental health and psychological treatment and the need to Capture with primary care.
Mental Health Law No. 1 for the year 2005:
Despite the enactment of mental health Iraqi No. 1 of 2005, which aims to ensure appropriate care for people with mental disorders and alleviate their suffering and treated in units therapeutic specialist available where appropriate conditions to ensure the organization of their stay in the units therapeutic closed under medical supervision, judicial and believe their human rights and social development within the treatment program Pathways regulator seeks to heal and protect the community from danger and regulate the relationship between the judicial psychiatric committees with technical competence and between the competent judicial authorities but that care Balemtemhen patients did not mention to the complainants and the seriousness of some of them.
It appears from the above, the possibility of cooperation and convergence between law and medicine in the field of mental diseases and problems between the two sides in spite of the traditional position between the law as a punitive tool. And between medicine as a therapeutic, comes this cooperation and convergence result of understanding the two sides legal, medical, that their mission, even though it differed in appearance, they are an important corrective and preventive not an individual alone, but for society in general, and despite the issuance of this law that the infrastructure of the institutions of mental hospitals The Angels are still below the level of needs, as there is in Iraq, a number of psychiatric hospitals and doctors, but few as the need is to provide the Angels are dealing with psychological conditions which require the provision of adequate training and education to create the Angels can do the job.
We are facing a challenge is the reduction of disorders and psychiatric through minimizing causes the reduction of violence and sectarian strife and spread the culture of peace and love paid a culture of hatred and malice, and we need to rehabilitate patients and re-integrated into society through psychiatric treatment in the designated areas of hospitals and units with terms compatible with international standards and the medical staff of doctors and staffs specialized and trained mental health care is also an issue of social stigma barrier to many patients and families pushing for resorting to obscure the disease or go to charlatans and recommendations which we see as necessary in this area as follows:
• Provide specialized medical staff in the field of mental health counseling and care to patients and visitors.
• Attention to psychiatry and mental development and the provision of facilities for the study through the creation of practical approaches sober modern and practical training and benefit from the experiences of developed countries in this field through missions and fellowships to provide highly skilled medical staff.
• Provide buildings of hospitals, clinics and psychiatric treatment units are characterized by بملائمتها the conditions and international standards and decent humane treatment, as well as Entertainment and clinics Cafe, as Iraq lacks clinics and enough places for psychotherapy.
• Provide the necessary financial allocations for the expansion of mental health services and spread the culture of mental health in the public opinion and society.
• Get rid of the social stigma that hinder the process of resorting to psychiatry, and charlatans accounting and magic healers and awareness not to resort to them.
• Dissemination of culture psychological and psychiatric treatment and included in the curriculum in order to provide members know how to deal with mental illness and treatment methods and mechanisms.
• The civil society organizations competent in this field to open clinics specializing in providing psychological counseling and provide advice to applicants.
• Prepare statistics and conduct studies and surveys that determine the nature of the disease in terms of its kind and the number of people and is on the light develop a strategic plan to ensure treatment.
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