The Greatest Finance Minister in the History of Iraq
|December 29, 2013||Filled under Featured Article|
Sasson Hsagal (17 مارس 1860-31 August 1932) is the greatest and the Iraqi finance minister in the history of Iraq. He was the first finance minister of Iraq in the modern era, has received the Iraqi Ministry of Finance in 1921, and has a national positions outstanding Alaudhaeh that proud of Iraq’s history and recognized by the near and distant even former President Saddam Hussein to boast and services to Iraq … Which makes it a truly remarkable greatest finance minister for the Middle East in recent history also admitted to some specialists. Sasson served as finance minister five times has shown the monarchy and has had a leading role in the adoption of the law of parties to the year 1992 it has been said that the parties should not be a secret but legal because he believed the fact of pluralism and democracy.
Born Hsagal Sasson in Baghdad on March 17 1860, and educated at a school (Alliance) known that I wrote about previously. It belongs to the family of a Jewish Baghdadi famous known wealth and trade, and was called the b (Rothschild Middle), and they had houses a commercial in Paris, Manchester and Pompey, and it was his father, Rabbi Hsagal Ben-Shlomo Ben Azar of prominent clerics in the Mosaic Law.
Sasson traveled to Istanbul beginning in 1877 and went to school Bowl and then traveled to Vienna, Austria, and studied there at the Consular Academy. After graduating from the Academy that he traveled to Berlin and London, and then returned to Istanbul and won a vacation rights
After his return to Baghdad, worked as a translator of the state since 1884 and even in 1904, where this long experience earned him considerable influence and extensive experience in the management of affairs of the country, especially as it was a liaison between the Ottomans and the consuls of foreign countries and Validators virtue of his work.
In 1904 was assigned to the Sasson important function again, a Directorate of River Management, lasted more than four years, and after the announcement of the Ottoman Constitution in 1908 he was elected a deputy of Baghdad in the House of Representatives of the Ottoman (envoys), remained in the seat of the prosecution to the end of the First World War and independence of Iraq the Ottoman Empire in 1918.
In 1913, entrusted with the office of a senior government adviser, a post Ottoman Ministry of Commerce and Agriculture, and it was this position means the second person in the ministry after Wazzarlkfath high stature and distinctive views Tquimath right and wise.
Returned Sasson at the beginning of 1920 to Baghdad, where he was appointed the first finance minister of Iraq and that the government of Abdul Rahman Al-Naqib In March 1921 attended the Cairo conference with the High Representative Percy Cox and Defense Minister Jafar military, then decided to set up the Kingdom of Iraq and renamed Prince Faisal as king. The Conference was held under the chairmanship of Winston Churchill and Minister of the British colonies at the time was not satisfied with the inauguration of Sasson Faisal was his point of view on the subject, where the recent story of the south as it is known, which caused a sensation at the time.
Under retains the position of the Ministry of Finance five times, most recently at the Ministry of Yassin al-Hashemi of August 4, 1924 to June 25, 1925.
He was elected a deputy of Baghdad in July 1925, and was re-elected in May 1928 and in November 1930 until his death and was headed in the Chamber of Deputies chairman of the Committee of Finance and Economic Committee.
Interested in the application of sound financial fundamentals and had been refusing to pay any additional amounts, even if it comes down tiles king himself interested in the national interest above all else.
It is historical evidence timeless anecdotes that cut the amount of 45 dinars Sasson of guessing the total restoration of the building Qishleh considering that amount plus and this is causing a waste of public money.
Put the first general budget for the year 1921 to 1922, and the total amounts equal to about five million and a quarter of a million.
Iraq was a poor country at the time, where surrounded by debts and obligations of each side, and then excelled Sasson steps to improve the financial situation of the country, which did not stop its role to regulate financial matters only, but work hard and activity in the promotion of national production, particularly in the agriculture sector and export their products abroad to earn something foreign currency.
There were no important sources of financial budget such as oil, have been duties, taxes and holds the land is the main source of the budget. Here excelled before his death, to do what sealed his life in the great achievement of the achievements of the many, which put a precise plan for the issuance of currency Iraqi national, with this project in 1932, and became the Iraqi currency (the dinar) are traded instead of the Indian rupee and the Turkish lira.
While Sasson and finance minister, and in one day was an interview between him and the Minister table linen Naji al-Suwaidi, the dialogue was on the amount (45) dinars within guessing the total given by Naji Swedish Finance Minister to restore the building (Qishleh), which was a military barracks in the past and have become subsidiary to the property of the Ministry of Interior, where he was his opinion that the (255) dinars sufficient and adequate for the purpose, and waste of public money makes money (loose) and money loose teaches theft as it was, again and again … this is the slogan Great, who teaches integrity needed by Iraq’s ill-fated day to the highest levels of corruption financial, administrative and political.
Has been described by Frederick Rosen Consul of Germany in Baghdad in 1898, saying in his memoirs (he was a Jew, and a nice appearance, rufous hair, fluent in German, English and French Proficiency There is no doubt that dealing with him was comfortable …) a certificate of value.
While described as contemporary bright exclusive saying (that he was the smartest minister and I know the interest in the affairs of the Jewish sect which was operated first site in his thinking and in his work) ended his speech.
The Ameen Rihani know the Sasson during his visit to Iraq in 1922, he said: (It’s hard minister in the Iraqi ministries, not only in Iraq because of unmatched in economics and drinking one’s fill of the Department of Finance), a certificate of real right and justice.
He has written Yassin al-Hashemi in his eulogy: (I’ve Zamilt Sasson Effendi in the ministry and in the House of Representatives, and Hadtth boards of public and private, not Ozdd only Liked by creating and culture, not Yazdna only in recognition of his excellent among men of Iraq erudition and knowledge of duty and work its performance right performance, whatever the time of sacrifice or self, if what shall come Effendi said Sasson said coupled with the great struggle in organizing the affairs of state in Iraq Mandate lean years) and it was really well.
Miss Bell also said in her letters, she said: (The efficiency outweigh by far the other members of the cabinet, lacks a little flexibility, which takes the point of view of constitutional legal man and a sincere interest in Bmsalehth far from a free and fair and beyond) ended her speech.
The Sasson believes in specialization and lack of overlap between them, where that when he was finance minister, and was discussing some of the economic issues in the Council of Ministers and then put Sasson some consensus through dialogue objected by Jafar military what was Sasson, but tell him out loud, “I hope ya Pasha not to interfere in matters not related to you and does not know anything about these legal issues, and you’re a military man. ” And then when Oqf alone as it was a lesson Ivkrabh ideals when any intervention for people with non-specialties.
Mir is noteworthy that the optical Awa Safwat Pasha told him that when he was beholding to the treasury of private property, for the expenses of the separation of Post, Telegraph allocated to the Royal Court in 1925 they ran out months before the end of the year. War was Hijazi Najdi list by leaps and bounds and were telegrams sent daily from the royal court of Iraq to King Ali in the Hijaz to know the position of the war he wrote the Royal Court to the Ministry of Finance asked to approve the transfer of funds from another chapter in the budget certified to the separation of Post and Telegraph in order to avoid expenses of emergency.
Said Safwat Pasha: “entered the finance minister Sasson Effendi flustered criticizing the large expenditure objecting to the transfer of dependence tried to calm him down and I said to him: His Majesty the King in the next room … On the second day he asked King: Why was rough yesterday and when I explained to him the command, said King : It is a cheery attitude and his finance minister, and hardness, and his eagerness to stick to the financial rules and ensuring the state treasury.” Thus, the national positions Khaleda Astrha history in letters of gold.
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